The total amount of Ether (ETH) held by all the crypto exchanges fell to its lowest levels, just as its price rose back above $3,000 per token on Sept. 23.

Data collected by CryptoQuant, a blockchain analytics platform, showed that exchanges' net Ethereum token reserves dropped to 18.533 million ETH, compared to 23.92 million ETH a year ago. Meanwhile, the cost to purchase one Ether rose from almost $349 to as high as $3,078, showcasing an inverse correlation between ETH reserves on exchanges and prices. 

Ethereum all exchange reserves versus ETH/USD price performance. Source: CryptoQuant

Supply-demand factor

Lower exchange reserves point to traders' likelihood of holding the underlying cryptocurrency than trading it for other digital/fiat assets. Hence, if the demand for the token tends to rise, the lack of adequate supply helps to boost prices.  

So it appears, Ethereum's native token has started fitting the classic low supply-high demand bullish model. For instance, Dapp Radar reported that the total value locked (TVL) across the decentralized applications industry reached $142 billion, out of which 68% was concentrated on the Ethereum network as of August 2021.

On the other hand, more and more Ether tokens started going out of active supply after Ethereum announced its staking feature in Nov 2020, as the network geared up to become a full-fledged proof-of-stake blockchain by 2022.

In detail, the TVL inside the so-called Ethereum 2.0 smart contracts rose from 11,616 ETH in November 2020 to 7.75 million ETH on Sept. 23.

Total value staked in Ethereum 2.0 smart contracts. Source:

Additionally, a major network upgrade on August 5, 2021, dubbed London Hard Fork, added a feature that trimmed the pace at which Ether supply grows. The change, called EIP-1559, started splitting almost 13,000 new ETH issued every day for miner payment fees into three parts.

The network started burning one of these splits—the base fee users pay to miners to process transactions. As a result, more ETH tokens went out of supply. Data tracking portal noted that the EIP-1559 feature has contributed in the burning of 352,262 ETH to date, which is about $1.1 billion per the current exchange rates.

Lark Davis, an independent cryptocurrency market analyst, stated that the ongoing supply-demand dynamics in the Ethereum market would help to shoot ETH prices towards $10,000.

The macro effect

Cryptocurrency markets this week performed in response to a looming housing crisis in Chinese property sector and its ripple effect across global economies.

In detail, the ETH/USD exchange rate dropped 20.78% in the first two days of this week, going to as low as $2,651 as investors limited exposure in riskier markets and scrapped for safer havens like the U.S. dollar and Treasury bonds. Fears of contagion from the debt crisis at China Evergrande Group, which owes billions of dollars of bonds to global investors, sparked the sell-off.

ETH/USD daily price chart featuring correlation with BTC/USD and S&P 500. Source:

Ether bounced by as much as 18.82% after bottoming out locally at $2,651, including a 2.33% increase to $3,150 on Thursday. Nonetheless, the cryptocurrency's 50-day exponential moving average (50-day EMA) near $3,191 and 20-day EMA near $3,291 acted as strong resistance targets.

Related: Ethereum forming a double top? ETH price loses 12.5% amid Evergrande contagion fears

Blockchain data tracking service Santiment noted that the Ethereum token might keep bouncing as long as its short-term holders remain unprofitable. The portal cited the market value to realized value (MVRV) ratio—calculated on a seven-day average—behind its bullish analogy.

ETH/USD MVRV 7D. Source: Sanbase

Excerpt from Santiment's Wednesday report:

"Short-term wise, MVRV 7D is suggesting a bounce, but the real rally is unlikely until we get closer to the next major speculative event - The transition to Proof-of-Stake (PoS) in 2022."

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